On this world water day, the Adel warning about the challenges of access to water for human consumption and productive faced by families who live in the semi-arid and the importance of sustainable management of this liquid as necessary to humanity.
According to the United Nations (UN), up until 2050, the planet should get the mark of the 10 billion inhabitants. With this, water for domestic use, equivalent to about 10% water capture the world, must increase exponentially. In this scenario, the search for innovative solutions, low-cost and sustainable for the use and reuse of water resources becomes even more urgent for the current generation and future generations.
According to the national agency of waters (HOME), in January 2018, of the 436 reservoirs in the Northeast region are used exclusively for the storage of water, 240 (55%) were below 10% of your ability. Of these, 143 were completely empty. This phenomenon left irreparable harm, as the water shortage in the cities and the loss of livestock and crops in crops.
However, While the dry season, the last five years, brought damage to productivity in rural areas, He also made it possible to strengthen a harmonious coexistence with the semi-arid. Several environmental technologies have been implemented allowing a more peaceful coexistence on the reality of droughts and the search for a sustainable management of water.
Deployment of environmental technologies
In the interim, the Adel was strengthening its expertise and implementing various environmental technologies in rural communities of northeastern Brazil. The latest initiative implemented was the construction of "telhadão" for the rainfall water storage in the municipalities of Bulls and Jandaíra in Rio Grande do Norte.
The tanker "telhadão" is a technology of capturing rainwater through a roof of 100 m ², in the form of shed. The roof captures rainwater and by a system of gutters and pipes leads her to a cistern with a capacity of 52,000 litres of water. The area covered has many utilities. Farmers use to store food in the form of hay or silage, keep the tools, creation of small animals, among other uses.
This technology has been deployed since March 2018 through the Rural EDP renewables Program developed by EDP renewables. The goal is to strengthen the productive capacity and the water security of 40 (40) families. Water infrastructure for rural communities benefited by the program was composed basically by artesian wells in poor conditions and a network connected to a pipeline location.
Before the project, families faced severe difficulties with the supply of drinking water, coupled to the malfunction of the pipeline. According to farmers, the high salinity of the water from the wells without Ceara and lack of frequency of aqueducts were two aggravating water safety site.
For Julia Bailey, 74, resident of the community Tubiba, in Bulls/RN, live in the community has two sides. "The bright side is the quiet, the tranquility, the other is that we have difficulties in water, the rain is a blessing, everyone has things. When it doesn't rain just is not worse because we have Government water right. But when it doesn't come we have to buy a bunch of water by R$140,00. We want to plant a vegetable garden, but don't plant because there's no water to water. It is difficult to, but we hope to see a good thing with this project ", the farmer.
In addition to providing farmers with access to water for consumption, tanks "telhadão", enable the development of production. Each beneficiary of the program receives several vegetables and fruiting plants to deploy your backyard productive. Tanks "telhadão" built by the program are already being supplied with the first rains that fall in the region. Each family assesses the best purpose for the water captured, whether for animal consumption, irrigation, domestic use, among other. With the guidance of technical staff of Adel they use the technologies deployed with maximum efficiency.