*By Wagner Gomes (Business Director Adel)
Access to clean water is the right of all citizens, It is essential for the food and nutritional security and precondition to enjoy other basic human rights. Although considered a right, 35 millions of people in Brazil still have no access to drinking water.
According to the Institute deals with Brazil, 95% urban population rely on treated water in their homes. But only 27,8% of rural households are connected to the water distribution network. Rural areas account for 20 millions of people without access to liquid. Besides that, supply forms are, mostly, poor and do not have effective control and surveillance of the quality for consumption.
In the Northeast there are thousands of community organizations that operate in rural areas making the minimum water quality control for families. Are the own communities mobilized to solve this challenge. But, These organizations are completely invisible, not part of any census or statistic of the country. There is evidence that in rural areas where they exist, communities are the most well attended in this regard. Community organizations, water committees, cooperatives or associations manage the waters of the community and the system that supplies the residences from definitions established collectively as, for example, the implementation of the fare and your collection and suspension of service in case of non-payment.
In this scenario, several interesting experiences carry out the water supply services in rural communities of northeastern Brazil and became institutional alternatives, social, techniques and sustainable financial highlights and dissemination in the country. In the case of self-sustaining management models developed by the Integrated System of Rural sanitation (SISAR) of Ceará, Piaui and Alagoas (where it is known as Sisal) and of community associations for maintenance of sanitation systems, da Bahia.
However, thousands of communities and families of the Brazilian rural areas lack access to safe drinking water. There is no, so, policy guideline to encourage replication of the models mentioned above, on the part of municipalities, States and federal agencies. In Adel (Local Economic Development Agency) We seek together the 3 thousand families and community leaders in the States of Ceará and Rio Grande do Norte develop a self-management of the waters. Through courses and workshops in operation and management of the environmental technologies of access to water for human consumption and food production have contributed to progress in these models. It is necessary for the management of rural water supply services is institutionalized and regulated in the country.
Text originally published in the printed version of the Journal of Northeast day 14 April 2019.