In April of this year, we started the Food and Nutrition Security Project, carried out by the Energimp and executed by us in the Morgado community, In Acaraú, In the interior of Ceará. The initiative aims to reduce the vulnerability of community families to hunger, through the socio-productive inclusion, mainly of local women. With the expansion of production and utilization capacities with nutritional efficiency of food produced from family farming, an increase in household income is expected.
One of the actions we work on in the project is the women's empowerment and food security through access to knowledge and deployment of agroecological backyards. Near 15 mulheres participam do projeto.
Workshops on women's empowerment and food security seek to encourage female participation in horticulture, encourage sustainable productive techniques and strengthen the agro-ecological practices already used by the community, seeking the sustainability of production systems and ensuring food security. The first meeting took place at the head of the Community Association of The Residents of Morgado, through a dialogued exhibition on new possibilities of horticultural systems and also to identify which agroecological practices are used in the community.
The moment allowed the exchange of knowledge between participants on horticulture techniques and practices, bringing aspects such as installation and management of vegetable garden with availability of natural resources, such as water and soil, valuing the family workforce and quality of life. Participants were encouraged to plant in their productive backyards, regardless of available space.
Second Luany Silva, our Socio-environmental Analyst, who has been closely following the activity, "the group liked to know that some practices already used are agroecological techniques and felt motivated to put other sustainable techniques into practice. They also expressed surprise at the impacts caused by soil burning and reported being a common practice in the community, for cleaning the land for planting", highlights.
The group's second meeting prioritized practical activities, with a visit to the productive backyard of the farmer Maria Edivane Araújo, 54, where a small composting area was built; carried out the sow of lettuce and arugula seedlings; e, produced a natural insecticide based extract from Indian denim leaf (Azadirachta indicates).
Second Mary Edivane, the workshop met your expectations. "I want to expand my crops and continue to produce in an agroecological way, it is very important this exchange of knowledge and I want to participate in more activities like this", reports.
Combating hunger has always been a global challenge, but the situation, mainly in Brazil, has worsened more and more. According to data from the II National Survey on Food Insecurity in the Context of the Covid-19 Pandemic in Brazil (II VIGISAN), developed by the Brazilian Network of Research on Sovereignty and Food Security (PENSSAN Network), 33,1 millions of people have nothing to eat in the country and more than half (58,7%) of the population is in a situation of food insecurity – when a person does not have regular and permanent access to food.
Besides that, food insecurity affects the regions of Brazil unequally. In the North and Northeast, food insecurity rates reach, respectively, a 71,6% e 68% – numbers significantly higher than the national average of 58,7%. Serious food insecurity (hunger) is part of the day-to-day 25,7% families in the North and 21% in the Northeast. The national average is approximately 15%, e, southern, of 10%.
The worsening of hunger is also greater in rural areas. 60% of households reported some kind of food insecurity. Among them, 38% of the homes of farmers and family farmers are hit by levels of severe or moderate food insecurity. That's why, a project that deals directly with the food security is so essential in the interior of northeastern Brazil.
Through the Food and Nutrition Security Project, we have already held workshops in Morgado on associativism and cooperation for local development; Food and Nutrition Security; Female Protagonism; Poultry Breeding and Management; Agroecological Productive Backyards; among other topics.
Coming soon, we're going to deploy 21 Agroecological Productive Backyards, 13 com foco na produção de hortaliças e 8 in the production of country chicken, through the construction of aviaries. At the end of the month, we will hold a workshop with the theme Gender and Marketing. In addition to the workshops, we will carry out specialized advisory services focused on the production of quality foods for self-consumption and the commercialization of surpluses, direct mode, in local markets.