According to the 2º National Inquiry on Food Insecurity in the context of the Covid-19 Pandemic in Brazil (II Vigisan), a hunger has gender and color. The research data indicate that with each 10 homes governed by women or black people of both genders, 6 have some level of food insecurity. In male-led families, regardless of race, the index is 53,6%; already in homes run by white people, the percentage is 46,8%.
The survey was carried out by the Brazilian Network of Research on Sovereignty and Food Security (PENSSAN Network), us 26 states and the Federal District, both in urban and rural areas. More than 35 thousand people in almost 13 thousand households, between November 2021 and April 2022. The results also meet the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World, of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Where 31,9% of the world's female population lives with some kind of food insecurity.
According to FAO, Latin America and the Caribbean are the regions with the greatest discrepancy between men and women when it comes to food insecurity. In these places, 45% of the female population lives in these conditions, before 33% of the male population.
Gender and family farming
The data reflect the structural racism and sexism in Brazil and the urgency of governments investing in public policies that combat the problem in the short and long term.
In view of this reality, we started this year the Food and Nutrition Security Project carried out by the Energimp and executed by us in the Morgado community, In Acaraú, In the interior of Ceará. The initiative aims to reduce the vulnerability of community families to hunger, through the socio-productive inclusion, mainly of local women.
In July, we have carried out a workshop on Gender and Marketing in Family Agriculture, at the Morgado Community Association. 17 (seventeen) women beneficiaries of the project participated in the. The action promoted a reflection on public policies and other strategies of production and commercialization in family agriculture
The workshop also highlighted the importance of women in the family economy and in ensuring food and nutritional security; access to public production and marketing policies; planning and autonomy.
As a practical activity, the participants simulated the construction of a business, a way to encourage them to think about the challenges, but also see themselves as entrepreneurs. Local women are planning to market products from their vegetable gardens and aviaries.
"The meeting was important to highlight the strong role of women for the development of agroecological proposals and for the strengthening of organizational actions", highlights Régma Queiroz, our New Business Manager.
We hope to deploy 21 Agroecological Productive Backyards, 13 focusing on the production of vegetables and 8 in the production of country chicken, through the construction of aviaries. The project also includes specialized advisory services focused on the production of quality foods for self-consumption and the commercialization of surpluses, direct mode, in local markets.